The term anthropology is defined as the study of Homo sapiens, humankind. In other words, anthropology focuses on discussing how human beings evolved from primitive organisms, while debating the development of a mode of communication (i.e. language) and culture that resulted in the development of a social life. Considering this, the aim of the study is to focus exclusively upon anthropology, its importance, sources of information, and the subfields of anthropology.
Anthropology has been argued to be the study of cultural evolution and diversification over the passage of time. Anthropology focuses upon understanding the complexities of culture in the human history that helps in drawing and building upon knowledge from physical, biological, humanities, and social sciences. In this regards, University of Missouri suggested that the primary goal of anthropology is to discuss the variations in Homo sapiens, while determining the general differences and similarities through time and across space.
Importance of Anthropology
Anthropology has been argued to be significantly important as it provides an in-depth understanding of the world affairs, while offering information to develop deeper knowledge of Homo sapiens in primate order. This implies that the anthropology has offered people in-depth information and understanding of themselves over the passage of time, which results in the development of skills for constructing solutions to rising environmental problems in the 21st century.
Source of Information
There are a number of different sources used to derive information in anthropology. The first source is the bygone humanity, the remains of ancestral population. This source of information helps in investigating the differences and similarities among populations and their ancestors. The second source of information is artifacts that results in the reconstruction of the past life of ancestors. The most crucial source of information is the data collected by ancestors and interpreted by contemporary human population worldwide.
Subfields of Anthropology
The dominant subfields of anthropology are as follows;
- Sociocultural Anthropology: the study of culture including practices and social patterns, where special interest has remained on the organization, governance, and creation of people.
- Biological Anthropology: the study of human adaptation, biological origins, and variation over the passage of time.
- Archeology: the study of prehistoric remains and cultures through artifacts and evidences.
Conclusively, anthropology has played an influential role in the study of human origin, similarities and differences among ancestors and contemporary people. At the same time, the comparative method of anthropology has resulted in the development of deeper understanding of humankind through time and across space.