Veterinary medicine is a branch of science that is concerned with the animals’ health. The main purpose of veterinary medicine is to control, diagnose and treat animal diseases, injuries and disorders. The latitude of veterinary medicine is very extensive field which involves different species of animals, both wild and domestic animals. Veterinary medicines provide medical attention to both physically injures as well as infectious diseases. Historically, veterinary medication was conducted without a vet professional but in the modern society, vet doctors are highly used in veterinary field.
Importance of Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary science is not only good for animals’ health but plays significant role in ensuring the health of human being. Through prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, the risks of such diseases been transmitted from animals to human is minimized. Further, animals are source of human food and therefore, veterinary science assists human to ensure food safety.
Through keeping livestock animals healthy, veterinary medicine helps human to generate reliable source of food security. Healthy livestock is as well a source of human wealth. Proper administration of Veterinary medicine on pets and livestock enables them to live healthy life and have long life.
History and Development of Veterinary Medicine
The history of veterinary medicine dates in the ancient Egyptian and the ancient India kingdoms of about 1900 BCE. During this time, animals were treated using natural herbs. Though there were no veterinary professionals, most people knew the herbs used to curing certain diseases and infections. However, the ancient attempts to control and treat animals were highly focused on horses due to their economic significance while other spices of where most ignored.
The initial veterinary college was established in 1762 in Lyon France, by Claude Bourgelat. Claude devoted himself in to veterinary medicine after observing a cattle plague which resulted to deaths of high numbers of French herds. Claude, as a resulted, started a veterinary college whereby he train students on veterinary medications and dispatched them to combat the plague. With a very short span on time, the disease was control and the health of the herds restored through the use of veterinary medications.
Claude veterinary college was the gate way to the modern veterinary medicine as it led to development of agricultural societies, such as Odiham Agricultural Society in England, which further promoted the agricultural industry.
Today, many institutions have been developed to offer veterinary medicine knowledge to students. Various organizations which are concerned with animal health have as well been established in almost every country around the globe.